I am playing with Docker since almost a month. Did nothing fancy but I’ll try to explain the Docker in short.
I’ll run a Ubuntu Container as an example and we will see Docker concepts/commands using it.
What is Docker ?
Documentation is the best way to learn something but sometimes you won’t need the core knowledge and just want to start straight to the tech.
Read this Docker docs page for a head start : Get Started You can come back and start from here at when you complete this topic : ‘Container and virtual machines’.
I remember Image as
.ISO file and a Container as
PC. Just think that you are formatting your PC.
Ubuntu in Container
Install Docker :
apt install docker.io OR if you want the CE (Community Edition) which is developer friendly then follow this instructions : Docker CE (Simple as Vanilla).
Before we start
Check out these few commands. We’ll be using these a lot
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 # Docker Container list : Displays all the running containers $ docker container ls ----- # Docker Container list : running as well as stopped containers $ docker container ls -a ----- # Docker Images : List and Display all the images that you already downloaded to your system. Example: Ubuntu, Nginx, Mariadb etc. $ docker images
Let’s start with Ubuntu in a container
Before we run a container we have to download a Image which will run inside that container.
To pull (simply download) the Ubuntu image we will run
1 2 3 4 $ docker pull ubuntu:latest # pull -> to download the image # ubuntu -> name of the image # latest -> version of that image
You can check out other images available on : Docker Hub
To list the images that you already have we will run
1 2 3 4 $ docker images # Output REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE ubuntu latest 94e814e2efa8 13 days ago 88.9MB
Okay cool. We now have Ubuntu image downloaded.
To start a container with this image we will run
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 $ docker run -i -d ubuntu # run -> to start a container with a specific image # -i -> to keep STDIN open otherwise the container will exit just after creation. # -d -> detached mode means the container will run in background. $ docker container ls # Output CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES f2c1e776d797 ubuntu "/bin/bash" 17 seconds ago Up 15 seconds boring_thompson Now our Docker container is up and running.
To get a shell access of the Ubuntu container we will run
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 $ docker exec -it <CONTAINER ID> bash or $ docker exec -it <CONTAINER NAME> bash # In my case it would be # $ docker exec -it f2c1e776d797 bash # exec -> which allows a user to spawn a process inside their Docker container # -i -> interactive # -t -> pseudo tty
To exit the shell of the container simply type
exit and press
Alternatives of the same commands can be :
1 2 3 4 5 $ docker run -it ubuntu # You will directly gain access to the shell of the docker container. But when you exit from the shell, container will stop immediately. ----- $ docker run --rm -it ubuntu # This command will create a removable container. That is you will get a shell access but as soon as you exit the container will be stopped and removed. Good for quick testing.
Now it’s time to stop the container
1 2 3 4 5 $ docker container stop <CONTAINER ID> #or $ docker container stop <CONTAINER NAME> # in my case it would be # $ docker container stop boring_thompson
Want to restart your container ? Your files will be as it is !
1 2 3 4 5 $ docker container start <CONTAINER ID> or $ docker container start <CONTAINER NAME> # in my case it would be # $ docker container start boring_thompson
Oops ! what if you messed up with your docker container ?
Simple just remove it and start with a new container !
1 2 3 4 5 $ docker container rm <CONTAINER ID> or $ docker container rm <CONTAINER NAME> # in my case it would be # $ docker container rm boring_thompson
Let’s remove Ubuntu image as well
1 $ docker image rm ubuntu
That is probably all the basics of the Docker. I will cover some more detailed topics like Networking and Volumes in a new article.